Understanding mutual funds
Mutual funds are an affordable way to help diversify your portfolio.
What is a mutual fund?
A mutual fund is a type of investment that collects money from many investors and uses it to buy securities such as stocks and bonds . A mutual fund has a professional manager who decides how to invest the money according to the fund's objective . A mutual fund allows investors to own a share of a diversified portfolio of investments with a small amount of money .
Why invest in mutual funds?
Mutual funds are a type of investment that allows you to diversify your portfolio across different asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, and commodities from various countries and regions. exposure.
One advantage of a mutual fund is that it can reduce the transaction costs for each investor.
A professional manager constantly monitors and analyzes the fund's portfolio to ensure optimal performance. This is a benefit that you enjoy as an investor in the fund.
You can buy mutual funds from different providers, such as banks, brokers, or investment firms. One of them is Ramos Capital Group, which offers its own mutual funds and access to thousands of other funds.
What is the difference between active and index mutual funds?
Actively managed funds
These funds aim to outperform the market by picking securities that have higher returns than benchmarks. They have portfolio managers who make these decisions based on their analysis. Therefore, actively managed funds usually charge higher fees.
Index funds are a type of investment fund that follow a specific index, such as the S&P 500®. They aim to match the performance of the index, not to outperform it. Index funds can be a low-cost way to invest.
How do mutual funds and ETFs compare?
Mutual funds and ETFs are both types of investment vehicles that allow investors to diversify their portfolios. Mutual funds are collections of stocks, bonds, or other securities that are professionally managed by a fund manager. ETFs are similar, but they trade on an exchange like stocks and have lower fees and more tax efficiency. Both mutual funds and ETFs have advantages and disadvantages depending on the investor's goals, risk tolerance, and preferences.
How they're most similar
Both types of funds can help investors diversify their portfolios and access different markets. However, actively managed funds aim to beat the market performance by using expert analysis and research. This comes with a higher cost than passive funds that simply track an index or a benchmark.
A key difference
Unlike a mutual fund, an ETF trades on an exchange like a stock. An ETF trade is an order to buy or sell shares of an ETF at any time during the trading day, at the current market price.
What fees and costs are associated with mutual funds?
Mutual funds charge fees and expenses to cover the costs of managing the fund and providing services to investors. Some of the common fees and costs associated with mutual funds are:
Operating expense ratio (OER)
Expense ratios vary depending on the type and size of the fund, but they typically range from 0.25% to 1% per year. Lower expense ratios mean more of your money stays invested in the fund.
This is a commission or fee that is charged when you buy or sell shares of a mutual fund.
These are fees that are incurred by the fund when it buys or sells securities within its portfolio. Trading fees include brokerage commissions, bid-ask spreads, and market impact costs
What types of mutual funds are there?
Common mutual funds
These funds are designed to achieve the fund's objectives by investing in **traditional assets**, which are the basic categories of stocks, bonds, and cash. These funds use **traditional strategies**, such as fundamental relative value, indexing, etc., to select and manage their investments. Most of the funds belong to this category.
Specialty mutual funds
Some investors look for funds that offer non-traditional ways of achieving their goals. These funds may invest in assets like commodities, or follow certain principles of environmental or social governance. These strategies are different from the usual ones based on stocks and bonds.
Ready to start a mutual fund?
Explore mutual funds at Ramos Capital Group.
Find 4,000+ no-load, no transaction fee mutual funds from Ramos Capital Group and others.